You don’t know how to choose a sewing machine for industrial or household use. Before all beginner seamstresses who decided to join the graceful craft, there is always one big question – which sewing machine to choose, industrial or household? Professional tailors certainly do not have such a dilemma, but newcomers, even newcomers, give way to the emotional impulse: “I want to sew!”, Immediately fall into the shadow of doubt and uncertainty.
To overcome such procrastination, we decided to finish dotting all the “i”, having examined in detail the pros and cons of buying the necessary sewing machine and equipment.
Pluses of household machines
- Compactness – since household models are not equipped with a table, the machine occupies a place corresponding to the size of the machine itself, and this, it must be said, is very small, due to which the sewing machine for the home can be stored in a closet or on the balcony. The average weight of a household machine is only 5-6 kg, which also does not create difficulties in transporting equipment.
- Functionality – even the simplest household sewing machine can sew buttons and perform a linen loop in semi-automatic mode, while in prom you need sewing equipment of three different classes: a straight line, a button sewing machine, and a buttonhole machine.
- Universality – in terms of types and number of stitches, any household sewing machine will give odds to an industrial sewing machine, which essentially performs only one line. Another thing is that decorative satin stitches are rather a pleasant bonus than an urgent need.
- Budgeting is a rather controversial and a bit far-fetched plus since some computer household machines can cost no less, and sometimes even more expensive than wet. But still, if we talk about standard electromechanical machines, the price difference with industrial models by 2-3 orders of magnitude is not always justified in terms of family budget expenses, if sewing is just a hobby for you.
Cons of household cars
- Low productivity – all household machines are designed to work with lightweight fabrics, therefore, in principle, they are not intended for sewing heavy materials such as jeans, tweed, crepe, oxford, leather. This fact significantly limits the seamstress in sewing some textile and most leather goods. First of all, this problem is associated with the low power of the electric motor, which as a rule is only 60-80 watts. Such power is simply not enough to transport dense fabrics and multilayer bags under the needle. And the effort of the needle is not enough to puncture the material and timely feed the thread to the nose of the shuttle. As a result of all this disgrace, you get fabric gathered in an accordion and a lot of skipped stitches. The maximum sewing speed of 600-800 stitches per minute also does not contribute to high sewing productivity.
- Limited – household machines have a relatively small overhang, which significantly limits the convenience of working with large parts of the cut and, on the whole, makes assembling the finished product a rather tedious task. It is also worth noting that some of the pros turn into cons when it comes to the convenience of sewing operations, so the lack of a full-fledged workplace, in the form of a sewing table, where you can conveniently place all the details of the future product and various sewing accessories is a fat minus.
- Plasticity – the housing of household machines and most regulators are made of plastic, and this is not the strongest and most durable material. Although the lightweight of the machine allows it to be easily transported, this factor can create certain difficulties when sewing, since the sewing machine can move during material feeding, especially for denser fabrics. In some cases, the seamstress even has to hold the machine by hand.
Learn more: How to choose a carpet for a new home sewing machine in your household?
Pros of industrial machines
- High productivity – modern straight-line sewing machines are equipped with silent servo motors with a power of 450-550 W, which is more than enough for sewing most types of textiles and even thin leather. The maximum sewing speed for household models is 800 st / min, while for industrial models this is all 5,000 stitches in one minute. That is, on an industrial sewing machine you can sew the same product at least 9 times faster! If you purchase a straight-line with automatic thread trimming, you can increase sewing efficiency by one third. The ability to work without restrictions with various materials and sew products as quickly as possible is the main reason why seamstresses migrate from household sewing equipment to washing.
- Convenience – absolutely all production machines are equipped with a sewing table. Add here another good LED lamp and we get a full-fledged workplace for a professional tailor. The large area of the countertop allows you to easily prepare cut details for sewing and place all the blanks of the future product. To store accessories and consumables, drawers and mortise shelves are provided. The fact that the sewing sleeve and the table are on the same level is also very convenient for placing material on the needle plate and feeding it under the needle. As for the amenities associated with the very design of an industrial sewing machine, here you should note the large overhang of the sleeve, due to which you can easily grind even fairly dimensional details of the cut products. Separately, it should be said about the knee lifter – a device, which allows you to raise the presser foot with a simple movement of the right foot to the side. All experienced seamstresses find this device incredibly practical and easy to use, because you don’t need to put a lot of effort to raise the foot, and your hands always remain free from this tedious job.
- Quality – thanks to equipped with a vertical rotation shuttle, an articulated thread take-up with a large stroke and an advanced tension system that allows you to flexibly adjust the running balance of the upper thread tension, the accuracy and stability of the stitch obtained in industrial straight lines is an order of magnitude higher than household machines. A higher class of working bodies involved in the formation of the stitch and significantly wider possibilities for their adjustment, make it possible to make a tangible difference in commercial sewing. / li>
Cons of industrial machines
- Narrow specialization – industrial straight-line is essentially a single-line machine. You will not find any zigzags and satin stitches on it. By the way, you cannot sew a double-needle and sew a button either. But not everything is so sad, to expand the functionality you can use various means of small-scale mechanization: snails, edgers, rulers, devices. You can also use special paws for trimming, stitching the cord and sewing the zipper. Here, of course, you need to make a remark that for household machines, this kind of good is also enough. In addition, all the straight stitches are divided into two subclasses for sewing light-medium and medium-heavy materials. In general, these subclasses are almost identical in design, but there are differences in some of the working bodies associated with the formation of the stitch. For example, they have needle holders for different needle systems, different needle bar strokes, different hole sizes in the needle plate and so on. There are also differences in the maximum stitch length and sewing speed.
- Dimensions – if a household sewing machine can conditionally be put on almost any flat surface, of sufficient area, and you can start sewing, then industrial sewing machines must be on the table. The standard dimensions of the countertops are 120×60 cm, so if you are making a purchase of a sewing machine for your home, you need to prepare a place for it in advance.
- Service – far from always you can do it only on your own and for the time being scanty knowledge in setting up a sewing machine. Therefore, in some cases, the qualified assistance of a mechanic may be required. In principle, this assumption will be relevant for household sewing equipment, although it may be to a lesser extent. To be as pedantic as possible, it should also be noted that industrial sewing machines, unlike household models where only a shuttle requires lubrication, for the normal operation of most mechanisms, lubricating fluid is required. But in fact, this is not a big problem, because modern straight lines are equipped with automatic oil pumps. By itself, engine oil is non-toxic and odorless, and is relatively inexpensive – about 120 – 150 UAH per liter,
Summing up, we can conclude that the advantages of household and industrial sewing equipment in one case can be disadvantages in another. There are many aspects of choice, and restrictions are not always justified by only one purchase budget. If you are going to sew for the family, something like bedding and kitchen textiles, to hem pants and put patches on clothes, then a household sewing machine will be quite enough for you. If you want to sew covers, jeans, outerwear, and work clothes or, in principle, engage in commercial sewing, the purchase of an industrial sewing machine is your only choice. Nevertheless, if you are considering opening a sewing workshop or even an atelier, completely abandoning the use of household sewing equipment, at least initially, you are also unlikely to succeed,