The history of the invention of the sewing machine is like a stigmatized black chapter stuffed with yarn. This history is associated with failed endeavors, design thefts, patent failures, and even the short-lived survival of the fittest.
The existence of a sewing machine can never be thought of without the history of hand sewing and craftsmanship. At least 20,000 years ago, people first started sewing by hand. The first needles are made from the bones and horns of animals. Initially, the muscle fibers of the animal were used as yarn and its subsequent history is only of progress.
As a result of the immense interest and efforts of the people, there has been continuous progress in the subsequent sewing industry. As a result of various changes in the sewing system, labor has been greatly reduced. The Industrial Revolution of the 18th century brought about overnight changes in the process of hand-sewing and handicrafts, and finally the beginning of the machine-based sewing industry.
The first patent was invented in 1855, and Charles Wiesenthal’s patent is considered the first patent in the history of the sewing machine. Charles, a German by birth, was the first to receive a British patent for the design of the use of needles in machines. Interestingly, Charles received this patent long ago, but no sewing machine has yet been invented. No later written evidence of Charles’ patent was found. In 1890, the 1st detailed design of the sewing machine was made. The work was done by Thomas Saint, a British citizen. The patent application for this machine refers to a machine ‘ hand-operated and handled for sewing leather and canvases. It is not known if St. made a prototype of this machine, but William Newton Wilson later discovered the patented design in 184. Wilson also made an exact replica of this design. The prototype machine actually worked.
Attempts at various failed attempts took place at the beginning of the eighteenth century. Attempts to make sewing machines in the early eighteenth century failed miserably. In this case, the attempts were first made using a needle on one side and a rotating handle on the other. But later when this design failed, the design was changed and success came as a result. In 1810, a man named Balthazar Kreme built a sewing machine. This machine of his failed to sew properly and he later withdrew from patenting the design of his machine.
In 1814, Joseph’s Mother sparer, an Austrian tailor, set out to build a sewing machine. He also made and patented a number of instruments for sewing. But all his efforts failed. Then, in 1818, two American citizens named John Adams and John Knowles made the first sewing machine in America. But the machine broke down after sewing a few bits of cloth. After all, speculations were put to an end, in 1830, 40 years after the design of the first Thomas Saint, the first functional sewing machine came to earth, made by a French tailor named Barthelme Thornier. After he patented the design, he opened a garment factory with this machine. He even got an order to make uniforms for the French army in his factory. But other people in his profession create a dilemma. Fearing for their lives, they set fire to the Thornier factory. Somehow Barthelme Thiemonia survived. But his sewing factory was destroyed by fire.
In 1834, Walter Hunt built the first functional sewing machine in America. But he was quite hesitant about using this machine. The fact that so many people will lose their jobs in the potential use of machines in the sewing industry makes him think a lot. As a result, Hunt refrained from patenting the design of his machine.
Attempts to build a sewing machine at the initiative of John Fisher in 1844 were nothing more than a combination of a few incoherent parts. This sewing machine didn’t really work properly. In 1844, John Fisher, an Englishman, equated the parts used in this sewing machine. He also applied for a patent for the design of his sewing machine, but Fisher failed to obtain a patent for his design because of a complication in the patent office.
Elias Howe, another U.S. citizen, later modified Fischer’s design to create a sewing machine. Elias immigrated to England to market his sewing machine designs for commercial purposes. After a short stay in England, he returned to his home country and saw that many people were already using his designs to make sewing machines without permission. One of them was Isaac Merit Singer. Isaac Merit Singer is said to be the pioneer of modern sewing machines. The empire he founded, known as the ‘Singer Company’, stands proudly in the world of electronics today. The first and oldest product of Singer Company is Singer Sewing Machine. Today, Singer Company is not only a sewing machine but also a well-known name for its stock of various electronic products.
Many enthusiastic people have worked tirelessly to make sewing machines instead of hand sewing. Their various attempts have failed at various times. But this effort to make sewing machines did not stop. Today we are enjoying a modern textile industry for the welfare of these enthusiastic and hardworking people.